Never has a first mobilization against a pension reform been so important

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Better than the years 1995, 2003, 2010 and 2019. According to the police, at least 1.1 million people demonstrated this Thursday in France against the lowering of the legal retirement age from 62 to 64, a reform that they want Emmanuel Macron and Elisabeth. terminal The CGT estimates that 2 million demonstrators have taken to the streets. The police figure is higher than the highest reached during the demonstrations of 1995. It is also one of the largest concentrations in France in the last 30 years. According to the Ministry of the Interior, 80,000 people were on the streets of Paris on Thursday (400,000, according to the CGT).

Before the day’s demonstrations, the general secretary of the CGT, Philippe Martinez, had said: “It’s obvious, […] there will be at least 1 to 2 million protesters according to the unions. » Asked on Monday by the JDD, Murielle Guilbert, general co-delegate of Solidaires, estimated that the mobilization of January 19, 2023 risks surpassing that of December 5, 2019. agreement

The success of the first event of 2019

If this first mobilization is very encouraging for the unions, united for the first time since 2010 against a pension reform, it does not determine the future of a social movement. Thus, in 2019, the first demonstrations had attracted between 800,000 (according to the police) and 1.5 million people (according to the CGT). A historic high for a first social day against a pension reform. But it was then the peak of the protest against the reform that proposed the establishment of a withdrawal of points.

Also read – Pensions: a million protesters, the bar for a successful mobilization?

On the other hand, in 1995, 2003 and 2010, unions were able to mobilize more as the weeks passed. Thus, on November 24, 1995, the first meeting scheduled by the federations against the Juppé plan, between half a million people (according to the police) and a million people (according to the CGT) gathered in France. Three weeks later, on December 12, they are double and Alain Juppé is forced to abandon part of his plan, including the reform of special pension plans.

In 2010, monster demonstrations after a modest start

In 2003, between 250,000 and 500,000 people hit the pavement on February 1, 2003 against the reform of the Minister of Labor, François Fillon, which provides for an extension of the duration of contributions. At the height of the protest, on May 13, 2003, there will be between 1.1 million demonstrators (according to the police) and 2 million (according to the unions).

In 2010, the mobilization lasted for months against the extension of the legal working day from 60 to 62 years. It begins in March with demonstrations that attract between 395,000 demonstrators (according to the police) and 800,000 people (according to the CGT). At the beginning of the 2010 academic year, the movement started again. On several occasions in September and October 2010, there were demonstrations of monsters in France. On October 12, between 1.23 million people (according to the police) and 3.5 million people (according to the unions) marched through the country’s streets. Or more than in 1995. But this mass protest will not be enough to push back Nicolas Sarkozy and François Fillon. The reform was approved by Parliament at the end of October and enacted in November 2010.

Source : Le JDD

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